Public Education

A big part of our national idealism rests on the ideas of free, universal public education; a literate, well-informed electorate, and the development of American arts and culture rivalling that of the Old World. These values have been important for our commonwealth as well: we’re the home of the first public school in this nation (Boston Latin School, 1635); the first place on this continent to make it compulsory for towns to establish schools (Massachusetts Bay Colony, 1642); the home of Horace Mann – I could go on, but I’m sure you get my point, which is that my values and dreams presuppose access to education and culture in all its forms.


Our public schools are the educational default setting for every child – even homeless children are entitled to a free, public education. Public schools are the backbone of our educational system; public higher education offers (relatively) affordable options for those who aspire to higher learning. Libraries supplement schools, and provide the tools for self-directed education, and, in Massachusetts at least, virtually every community has programming and institutions in which anyone can develop their creativity, or enjoy the artistic expression of others.

...and a bill to make higher education more accessible to immigrant students:


Every session, I file a bill that would allow all graduates of Massachusetts high schools who meet specific qualifications to attend institutions in our state's higher education system at in-state rates. I have seen too many hardworking Somerville High School students essentially excluded fromattending college because lack of immigration status forces them to pay the tuition rates that children of Chinese or Russian oligarchs (for example) have to pay.  This current version of this bill is H.644 An Act relative to equal opportunity for high school graduates of the Commonwealth.


This bill has been scheduled for a public hearing on Thursday, June 15th in Room A-1 of the Massachusetts State House.  I hope that some of you will consider testifying in-person in support of H.644 - please let our office know if you would like to speak on June 15th and we will help coordinate with our coalition partners to find you a time slot that works for you. If you cannot make it on June 15th, please submit written testimony to the Joint Committee on Higher Education by sending it to ahead of the hearing; should you have any questions about the hearing, or the bill itself, please do not hesitate to contact our office at or 617-722-2263.


I have filed another bill that would help everyone in Massachusetts expand their educational options, while avoiding burdensome levels of debt. This bill would provide up to two years of tuition-free community college for all qualifying students.

More Reasons to Vote No on 2


Pasted below is the official list, from the MA Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) of the bottom 10% of Massachusetts’ 290 school districts, based on 2015 standardized test scores. These are the unfortunate districts which, under the present law governing charter school caps, are liable for spending up to 18% of their net school spending on charter school tuition, instead of spending 9%. If Question #2 passes, an additional 12 charter schools per year will be able to open, statewide, to pull funding out of these communities.

While there are many urban districts on the list, it should be obvious that school “underperformance” is not an exclusively “urban problem,” or even one of predominantly minority communities. There is a strong association with community poverty, though. The list includes struggling mill towns, hill towns, and rural areas, districts geographically spread out from southeastern to central Massachusetts; from Greater Boston to Berkshire County – and five of them are new to the “bottom 10%” list this year.


Even under the current charter cap, these communities are slated to lose double the amount of net school spending of better-performing communities. Imagine the choices these communities face. As my colleague Rep. Vega from Holyoke recently observed, passage of Question #2 “could be the biggest unfunded mandate in our Commonwealth’s history.”

Charter schools also draw funds from districts not on the “underperforming” list. The former mayor of Northampton once told me that her city was in the middle of a “Bermuda triangle” of charter schools. She listed the Emilio Reggio school in one direction, a performing arts school in another, and the Chinese immersion charter school then about to open in Hadley. You can’t tell me, she said, that these schools exist to help the poor children in Holyoke escape their underperforming schools; they’re there to pull the most motivated families out of the Northampton public schools. Today, Northampton, population about 28,000, is charged $2 million a year in charter school sending tuition.

It’s interesting to see that the Chelsea are listed as the very bottom of performers. If removal from local governance, and management by education experts –hallmarks of charter philosophy – could “close the achievement gap,” then the Chelsea schools should be among the highest performing. Chelsea’s public schools were famously run by Boston University for 20 years under a management contract (1998 – 2008).

BU poured millions of dollars, as well as expertise; and in addition to substantial state aid, Chelsea spent $116 million in mostly state-funded school construction. So, why, despite this investment and reform, are Chelsea students still “underperforming”? Low family incomes; English being a second language to 80%, and about 30% of the city’s students entering or leaving the district in any given year – and no charter school in the world will solve that kind of problem.

I send you these observations because I spent years in local government, faced with balancing budgets, and I am now charged with voting to affect every community in Massachusetts, as it does the same. I see a public debate about charter schools which is highly Boston-centric, filled with assumptions, and cherry-picked “facts.” I hope that you will consider the breadth and nuance of the problem of “underperforming schools,” and remember that what this phrase is generally shorthand for the thin resources of municipalities with the greatest struggles.

Thoughts on Ballot Question 2 – Why I’m voting “No”


In one of my earliest years on the Somerville Board of Aldermen, I received a budget book with an astonishing graph in it.  It showed, year-by-year, the amount of in charter school sending tuition paid by the City of Somerville. It rose steeply, year after year; a shockingly high cost, over which the City of Somerville had no control.


In my first year as a state legislator, I attended the city’s Inaugural Ceremony. In his speech, our Mayor said that state aid to the city had fallen, and that this decline was unacceptable. The next day, I checked the numbers, and called the mayor to say that, in fact, state aid had risen. His response was that the increase had been more than wiped out by the increase in charter school sending tuition – and I couldn’t argue with his math.


You may have heard the Mass Taxpayers Foundation’s slick conclusion, parroted by the Boston Globe, that charter school funding doesn’t subtract funding from local district schools. Yes, there is an initial infusion of state reimbursement, to cushion the fiscal shock – but even that account is not usually fully funded in the state budget. That reimbursement is limited in time, and the impulse of most municipalities is to avoid cutting district schools – so cuts have to come from somewhere else in the budget.


Some argue that charter school tuition represents a savings of money not spent on educating charter school students in Somerville schools. Yet the fixed costs of our school system don’t go down unless we close schools – which doesn’t exactly optimize “school choice.” Part of the original premise of charter schools was that they would be ‘laboratories of experimentation,’ which would then share useful innovations to district schools, but I’ve never heard of this happening; instead, charter schools compete with district schools for education dollars.


Also, have you asked yourself why Wall Street works so hard to promote charter schools? There are so many ways for private ventures to make money from the steady revenue of education funding. Even apart from the for-profit charter schools allowed under our laws, private companies can make lucrative deals to rent facilities to charter schools, and to provide them with such goods and services as management, accounting and payroll, insurance, curricula and materials, meals, maintenance, HR – whatever is needed to run schools.


As with other privatization efforts, the public sector loses control of its institutions and services, which move to corporate, non-accountable hands. Meanwhile, the end-users –our students and their families – can find themselves in the disempowered role of ‘customers.’ The fact that some may be happy customers doesn’t make the fundamental arrangement less disturbing.


If you’d like a “No on 2” yard sign, send me an email requesting one.

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